A OPINIÃO SOBRE O ARQUIPÉLAGO DE CHAGOS: A JURISDIÇÃO CONSULTIVA DA CORTE INTERNACIONAL DE JUSTIÇA E A NOÇÃO DE CONTROVÉRSIA - DOI: 10.12818/P.0304-2340.2019v75p281

Lucas Carlos Lima

Resumo


Na opinião consultiva sobre as Consequências jurídicas da Separação do Arquipélago de Chagos de Maurício em 1965 a Corte Internacional de Justiça (CIJ) teve sua jurisdição consultiva contestada pelo fato de existir uma controvérsia pendente entre Reino Unido e a República de Maurício. O presente trabalho analisa os argumentos utilizados pela Corte para superar esta objeção e fundamentar sua jurisdição consultiva. Dois argumentos principais foram utilizados. A Corte alargou o escopo de sua jurisdição a fim de enquadrar sua resposta no quadro amplo de descolonização, anteriormente tratado pela Assembleia Geral. Também foi argumento da Corte o fato de que uma pronúncia do gênero não tocaria numa controvérsia. Realiza-se uma análise das normas que embasam a função consultiva da Corte e a jurisprudência anterior sobre a questão. Sustenta-se que a aplicação dos critérios anteriormente desenvolvidos na jurisprudência no presente caso tem como consequência uma sutil ampliação no escopo da jurisdição consultiva da Corte Internacional de Justiça.


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ISSN Eletrônico: 1984-1841

ISSN Impresso: 0304-2340